广东自考00015 英语(二)高频词汇表(2)

发布日期:2022-12-12 15:26:45 编辑整理:广东自考网 【字体: 【加入自考交流群】
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广东自考00015 英语(二)高频词汇表(2)


高频词汇:

76. block [blɒk]

n. 块

vt. 阻止

◆In the 6th and 7th centuries, the Chinese invented a way to print pages by carving characters and pictures on wooden, ivory, or clay blocks. (2013.4 完型填空)

  在六世纪和七世纪,中国人发明了一种方法来印刷,通过在木头、象牙或者陶瓷块上雕刻人物和图片。

◆It might block an incoming call and turn it onto voice mail. (2011.4 阅读理解)

  它可能会阻止手机来电,将其转到语音信箱里。


77. communication[kəmjuːnɪ'keɪʃ(ə)n]

n. 交流

◆These forms of communication enable them to share ideas about themselves and the world in almost real time. (2015.4 完形补文)

  这些形式的交流能让他们几乎随时和世界分享自己的想法。


78. domestic [də'mestɪk]

adj. 家庭的

◆Domestic violence exists regardless of age, race, and social status. (2011.4 阅读理解)

  家庭暴力不受年龄、种族和社会地位的限制而存在。


79. effort ['efət]

n. 努力

◆If you make no effort, you will have an unhappy dormitory life. (2013.10 概括段落大意和补全句子)

  如果你不努力,你就不会有个开心的宿舍生活。


80. European [jʊərə'piːən]

adj. 欧洲的

n. 欧洲人

◆So the slaves were taller than European peasants. (2013.4 阅读理解)

  因此奴隶要比欧洲农民的个子高。

◆It’s no wonder that Europeans were just flooding to America. (2013.4 阅读理解)

怪不得欧洲人都涌入美国。

Europe ['jʊrəp]

n. 欧洲

◆After living in Europe for seven years, my parents decided that my family would move to the United States. (2013.10 阅读选择)

  在欧洲住了7 年之后,我的父母决定搬去美国。


81. form [fɔːm]

n. 形式

vt. 构成

◆These forms of communication enable them to share ideas about themselves and the world in almost real time.(2015.4 完形补文)

这些形式的交流能让他们几乎随时和世界分享自己的想法。

◆Seedless fruit comes from special plants that are made by combining two varieties of a fruit to form a new variety. (2014.10 填句补文)

  无籽水果产自于特殊的植物,这种植物是由这种水果的两个不同品种结合而形成的一种新品种。


82. growth [grəʊθ]

n. 增长

◆The decline also has something to do with the explosive growth in world trade since 1960. (2014.10 完形补文)

  这种衰退和1960 年的世界贸易的爆炸式增长有关。


83. indoors [ɪn'dɔːz]

adv. 在室内

◆It may be difficult to believe but in fact the technology for growing crops indoors already exists. (2013.10 阅读判断)

  也许很难相信,但实际上在室内种植农作物的技术已经存在。


84. instead [ɪn'sted]

adv. 反而

◆If the listener dislikes the music or finds it boring, it will have a negative effect on him instead of a positive one. (2015.4 阅读判断)

  如果听者不喜欢听到的音乐或者觉得它无聊,这就会对听者产生消极的影响而不是积极影响。


85. interest ['ɪnt(ə)rɪst]

n. 兴趣

vt. 使……感兴趣

◆you can meet many people with different interests. (2013.10 概括段落大意和补全句子)

  你可以遇到很多不同兴趣的人。

◆You go through the channels several times and find that once again there's nothing on TV that interests you. (2014.4 阅读判断)

  你一遍遍的浏览电视频道发现对什么也不感兴趣。


86. medical ['medɪk(ə)l]

adj. 医学的

◆Doctors are looking for new wayside to make traveling more comfortable and medical treatment more effective. (2014.4 填句补文)

  医生们正在寻找新的方法来使旅行变得更加舒适,医疗变得更为有效。


87. offer ['ɒfə]

vt. 提供

◆Most games offer several different levels, to get the most exercise for your brain. (2015.4 填句补文)

  很多游戏提供几个不同的层次,以达到对大脑最好的锻炼。


88. original [ə'rɪdʒɪn(ə)l]

adj. 独创的

◆Michael Stadtlander set Toronto’s restaurant world on fire in the 1980s with his original food. (2011.4 阅读理解)

Michael Stadtlander 用他自己独创的食物让多伦多的饭店在20 世纪80 年代火了一把。


89. printing ['prɪntɪŋ]

n. 印刷

◆If you asked people what the most important invention has been, many would say the printing press. (2013.4 完型填空)

  如果你问人们最重要的发明是什么,许多人可能会说是印刷机。


90. purpose ['pɜːpəs]

n. 目的

◆Fruit has a purpose quite apart from our needs. (2014.10 填句补文)

  除了满足我们的需要,水果还有一个别的目的。


91. reach [riːtʃ]

vt. 达到

n. 范围

◆The man reached the taxi and jumped in. (2014.10 阅读判断)

  那个人抵达出租车跟前,然后跳了进去。

◆The detector will show whether the mobile phone is within reach.(2011.4 阅读理解)

  探测器将会显示手机是否伸手可及。


92. regular ['regjʊlə]

adj. 普通的

◆Unlike regular students, they have adult obligations. (2013.4 阅读理解)

  不像普通的学生,他们还有成年人的责任。


93. respect [rɪ'spekt]

n. 尊重

vt. 尊重

◆Runners have great respect for each other because they know how difficult the sport can be. (2014.4 阅读判断)

  跑步者彼此非常尊重对方,因为他们知道这项运动有多难。

◆If someone was older,I respected them automatically. (2015.4 阅读选择)

  如果谁年龄比我大,我会不假思索地尊重他们


94. role [rəʊl]

n. 角色

◆As time went on, her role started to change. (2015.4 概括段落大意和补全句子)

  随着时间推移,她的角色开始改变了。


95. solve [sɒlv]

vt. 解决

◆Experts say indoor farming solves many problems. (2013.10 阅读判断)

  专家说室内农场解决了很多问题。


96. special ['speʃ(ə)l]

adj. 特别的

◆Seedless fruit comes from special plants that are made by combining two varieties of a fruit to form a new variety. (2014.10 填句补文)

  无籽水果产自于特殊的植物,这种植物是由一种水果的两种品种结合而产生的一个新品种。


97. support[sə'pɔːt]

vt. 支持

n. 支持

◆He will be around for many more years to support me and baseball.(2013.10 填句补文)

  他将会在我身边更多年来支持我和棒球。

◆Unfortunately, adults who want to go to college—particularly adults who have been out of school for a long time—generally have no such support system. (2013.4 阅读理解)

  不幸的是,那些想上大学的成年人,尤其是那些离开学校很久的人,通常没有这样的支持系统。


98. system['sɪstəm]

n. 系统

◆Computer scientists realize the system is broken, and they are looking for alternatives.(2012.10 阅读理解)

  电脑科学家们意识到系统坏了,他们正在寻找可替代的系统。


99. traditional [trə'dɪʃ(ə)n(ə)l]

adj. 传统的

◆Traditional farming takes up a lot of land.(2013.10 阅读判断)

  传统农业占很多土地。


100. worse [wɜːs]

adj. 更恶劣的(bad 的比较级)

◆If you're caught, your graduation will be delayed or worse. (2014.10 概括段落大意和补全句子)

  如果被抓到,你的毕业将会被延迟,或者更糟。


101. affect [ə'fekt]

vt. 影响

◆Dreams affect the way people live and work. (2014.4 完形补文)

  梦影响着人类生活和工作的方式。


102. alone [ə'ləʊn]

adv. 独自地

◆Tun the TV off in the evening and spend some time playing games alone or with a family member. (2015.4 填句补文)

  晚上关掉电视,然后一个人玩游戏或者和家里人一起玩。


103. along[ə'lɒŋ]

adv. 一起

◆Emily went along with her husband and learnt much about bridge building. (2015.4 概括段落大意和补全句子)

  艾米丽和她的丈夫在一起,学到很多桥梁建设知识。


104. among [ə'mʌŋ]

prep. 在…之中

◆The incidence of violence is highest among urban families. (2011.4 阅读理解)

  在城市家庭中暴力的发生率最高。


105. arrange[ə'reɪn(d)ʒ]

vt. 安排

◆ Our parents arranged our marriage through a matchmaker. (2013.4 阅读理解)

  我们的父母们通过媒人来安排我们的婚姻。


106. besides [bɪ'saɪdz]

adv. 此外

◆Besides, plants differ in their weather and lighting needs. (2013.10 阅读判断)

  此外,植物对气候和光线的有着不同的要求。


107. bit [bɪt]

n. 少量

vt. 咬(bite 的过去式和过去分词)

◆I was a bit of an idiot to many people around me. (2013.10 阅读选择)

  和周围的许多人相比,我显得有点傻。

◆He bit hard on his lip to stop the tears and walked outside to wait on the bench in front of the shop. (2014.4 阅读选择)

  他使劲咬着嘴唇,不让眼泪掉下来,走到外面,坐到商店前面的长椅上等着。


108. cause [kɔːz]

vt. 引起

◆Finally, the high rate of unemployment caused by these factors has tended to drive wages down further. (2014.10 完形补文)

  最终,由这些因素引起的高失业率就进一步的把工资拉低了。


109. classical ['klæsɪk(ə)l]

adj. 古典的;经典的

◆I enjoyed listening to classical music, never watched TV, and almost never watched movies.

(2013.10 阅读选择)

  我喜欢听古典音乐,从不看电视,几乎不看电影。


110. clear [klɪə]

adj. 清楚的

◆To be on the safe side, always make it clear where the information comes from. (2014.10 概括段落大意和补全句子)

  安全起见,要弄清楚这些信息出自于哪里。


111. clearly ['klɪəlɪ]

adv. 清晰地;明显地

◆ It can even help you to stay more focused in school because exercise helps you to think more clearly. (2014.4 阅读判断)

  它甚至能帮你在学校注意力更集中,因为锻炼能使你头脑更清楚。

◆They clearly love each other very deeply. (201.4 阅读理解)

  很明显他们彼此非常相爱。


112. course[kɔːs]

n. 课程

◆Some have little exposure to technologies like email and Internet research, which are an increasing part of college communication and courses. (2013.4 阅读理解)

  有些人几乎没有接触过像电子邮件和互联网研究这方面的技术, 这些在大学交流和课程中越来越多。

of course  一定,当然


113. economic [,iːkə'nɒmɪk; ek-]

adj. 经济的

◆If we have a real economic declines, it’s going to get worse. (2011.4 阅读理解)

  如果我们真的有经济上的下滑,那将会变得更糟。


114. effect [ɪ'fekt]

n. 影响

◆If the listener dislikes the music or finds it boring, it will have a negative effect on him instead of a positive one. (2015.4 阅读判断)

  如果听着不喜欢这个音乐或者发现它很无趣,那这个音乐会给他带来消极影响而不是积极影响。


115. ever ['evə]

adv. 曾经

◆No kid ever lost weight because his mother told him he was fat. (2014.10 阅读选择)

  没有孩子曾经因为母亲说他胖就减肥的。


116. experiment [ɪk'sperɪm(ə)nt]

n. 实验

◆The second paragraph mainly tells us whether the researchers failed in their experiment.(2011.4 阅读理解)

  第二段主要告诉我们研究者们是否在他们的实验中失败。


117. extra ['ekstrə]

adj. 额外的

◆These four young girl pooled their money and found that they had more than enough money for the boy's extra purchases. (2014.4 阅读选择)

  这四个年轻女孩凑钱,发现他们有足够多的钱为男孩的额外的花费。


118. focused ['fəʊkəst]

adj. 专心的

v. 集中(focus 的过去式和过去分词)

◆It can even help you to stay more focused in school because exercise helps you to think more clearly. (2014.4 阅读判断)

  它能帮助你在学校更集中精神,因为运动使你头脑更清醒。

focus ['fəʊkəs]

vi. 集中

◆Things were worse when fathers joined in the discussions with their daughters and focused on weight. (2014.10 阅读选择)

  当父亲们加入和女儿的谈话并关注她们的体重时,事情就会变得更糟。


119. former ['fɔːmə]

adj. 前者的

◆the latter have more problems than the former. (2013.4 阅读理解)

  后者比前者有更多的问题。


120. influence ['ɪnflʊəns]

vt. 影响

◆Do dreams actually influence our behaviors?  (2014.4 完形补文)

  梦真的影响我们的行为吗?


121. introduce [ɪntrə'djuːs]

vt. 介绍

◆You have to remind yourself to kick your shyness away and introduce yourself. (2015.4 阅读选择)

  你不得不提醒自己克服害羞,然后介绍自己


122. involved [ɪn'vɒlvd]

adj. 卷入的

v. 包含(involve 的过去式和过去分词)

◆And you are more involved in campus life. (2013.10 概括段落大意和补全句子)

  并且你会更加融入校园生活。

involve [ɪn'vɒlv]

vt. 包含

◆The study was conducted by some American neurologists (神经病学家). It involved 294 people. (2014.10填词补文)

  这个调查由一些美国神经病学家发起。它包含294 个人。


123. latter ['lætə]

adj. 后面的

◆The latter have more problems than the former. (2013.4 阅读理解)

  后面的比前者有更多问题。


124. local ['ləʊk(ə)l]

adj. 当地的

◆Finally, contact local authorities if you feel you are in danger. (2015.4 完形补文)

  最后,如果你仍然感觉处于危险中,请联系当地政局。


125. national [ˈnæʃnəl]

adj. 国家的

◆Children are protected by a National Center. (2011.4 阅读理解)

  孩子们受国家保护中心。


126. pole [pəʊl]

n. 杆;极点

◆People on the totem pole are leading a comfortable life.(2013.4 阅读理解)

  图腾柱上的人指引着一个美好的生活。

◆ Even the scientists at the South Pole research station can enjoy fresh vegetables they grow in their own greenhouse.(2013.10 阅读判断)

  甚至在南极研究站的科学家们都可以享受到他们在温室里种植的新鲜蔬菜。


127. report [rɪ'pɔːt]

n. 报告

◆If you write something really great, maybe some day someone will quote you in a report.

(2014.10 概括段落大意和补全句子)

  如果你写了一些很棒的东西,也许有一天有些人会在自己的报告中引用你的话。


128. require [rɪ'kwaɪə]

vt. 要求

◆But don't be fooled into thinking the sport of running is easy, it requires discipline and concentration.(2014.4 阅读判断)

  但是别傻傻地以为跑步是项容易的运动,它要求自律和专心。


129. rest [rest]

n. 剩余部分

vi. 休息

◆You can exercise your brain before work and while the rest of your family is still in bed. (2015.4 填句补文)

  你可以在上班去锻炼你的大脑,而家里的其他人那时候却扔躺在床上。

◆to rest on the bench (2014.4 阅读选择)

  在长凳上休息


130. save [seɪv]

vt. 节省;保存

◆Copying whole paragraphs can save you much time. (2014.10 概括段落大意和补全句子)

   复制整个段落会节省你很多时间。

◆ Mental Activities Help Save Memory.(2014.10 填词补文)

   智力活动帮你储存记忆。


131. share [ʃeə]

vt. 分享;分担

◆You will share a room with someone else.(2013.10 概括段落大意和补充句子)

   你将会和别人共用一个房间。

◆Ideally, both parents should share the responsibility. (2014.10 阅读选择)

   理想情况下,父母都负有责任。


132. shy [ʃaɪ]

adj. 害羞的

◆I'd remember that it's so important not to feel shy about introducing yourself. (2015.4 阅读选择)

  我就会记住,不要为介绍自己而感到害羞,这是很重要的。


133. site [saɪt]

n. 场所

◆Emily regularly came to the building site.(2015.4 概括段落大意和补全句子)

  艾米丽定期地来建筑工地。


134. social ['səʊʃ(ə)l]

adj. 社会的

◆After World WarⅡ, many Western and Northern European countries began to adopt favorable social policies. (2013.4 阅读理解)

  第二次世界大战之后,许多西欧和北欧国家开始采取有利的社会政策。


135. stress [stres]

n. 压力

◆Music can also reduce stress,make depression more bearable and help you relax. (2015.4 阅读判断)

  音乐还可以减轻压力,增加沮丧的承受力,帮助你放松。


136. stuff [stʌf]

n. 素材资料

◆You just found some good stuff on the Web for your science report. (2014.10 概括段落大意和补全句子)

  你刚刚在网络上发现了一些适合你科学报告的好资料。


137. tend [tend]

vi. 倾向

◆People tend to listen to music selectively.  (2015.4 阅读判断)

  人们倾向于有选择性地听音乐。


138. typical ['tɪpɪk(ə)l]

adj. 典型的

◆These days a typical Internet user has dozens of online accounts. (2012.10 阅读理解)

  现在一个典型的互联网用户拥有几十个在线账户。


139. wage [weɪdʒ]

n. 工资

◆That resulted in too many workers for the jobs available and depressed wages. (2014.10 完形补文)

  那就导致了空闲职位对应太多工人,压低了工资。


140. wedding ['wedɪŋ]

n. 婚礼

◆This money is to help pay for the wedding ceremony and for setting up house afterwards. (2013.4 阅读理解)

  这笔钱是为了帮助支付婚礼仪式和之后的布置房子。


141. wives [waɪvz]

n. 妻子(wife 的复数)

◆Almost four of every 100 wives are seriously beaten by their husbands.(2011.4 阅读理解)

  几乎每100 个妻子中就有4 个被丈夫严重殴打的。


142. active ['æktɪv]

adj. 活跃的;主动的

◆They may not be as active as people who work during the daytime.(2014.4 填句补文)

  他们可能没有那些白天工作的人活跃。

◆ Make active contacts with others (2015.4 阅读选择)

  主动和别人联系沟通


143. admit [əd'mɪt]

vt. 承认

vi. 承认

◆They will admit they have been sending short text messages and surfing the Internet and doing word games at the same time.(2012.10 阅读理解)

  他们会承认他们是在同一时间内既发短信、上网又做文字游戏的。

◆Near graduating from college, Robbie applied to and was admitted to New York Medical College. (2014.10 阅读判断)

  临近大学毕业时,罗比申请纽约医学院,并且考入了纽约医学院。


144. advice [əd'vaɪs]

n. 建议

◆ Many times during long rides, I’d developed a good relationship with my passengers and received very good advice from them. (2014.10 阅读判断)

  在多次长途载客中,我和我的乘客都有一个良好的关系,并且收到了他们非常好的建议。


145. advise [əd'vaɪz]

vt. 建议

vi. 建议

◆ The writer's friend advised her not to talk to her son about his weight. (2014.10 阅读选择)

  作者的朋友建议她不要和她的儿子讨论他的体重。

◆There are certain rules that are strongly advised to be followed. (2012.10 阅读理解)

  强烈建议您遵守以下几个规则。


146. affect [ə'fekt]

vt. 影响

◆How we live our lives affects the environment.(2013.10 填词补文)

  我们如何生活影响着环境。


147. appearance [ə'pɪər(ə)ns]

n. 外貌

◆We should bear this in mind: Don’t judge a person by his appearance. (2013.4 词汇与语法结构)

  我们应该记住:不要以貌取人。


148. assistance [ə'sɪst(ə)ns]

n. 援助

◆Marriage advisers’ assistance is the best solution to violence. (2011.4 阅读理解)

  婚姻顾问的帮助是解决暴力的最好方法。


149. assistant [ə'sɪst(ə)nt]

n. 助手

◆The young shop assistant told him the total price, $37.60. (2014.4 阅读选择)

  那个年轻的店员告诉他总价格为37.6 美元。


150. attack [ə'tæk]

n. 攻击

vt. 攻击

◆These attacks are happening so frequently these days that you might as well assume there is no way to keep a password secret. (2012.10 阅读理解)

  这些攻击最近发生的如此频繁,你不妨假设密码已经不再是秘密。

◆ More than a third of all brothers and sisters severely attack each other. (2011.4 阅读理解)

  在所有兄弟姐妹中,有超过三分之一的有严重的互相攻击行为。


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