​广东自考00015 英语(二)高频词汇表(3)

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广东自考00015 英语(二)高频词汇表(3)


151. available [ə'veɪləb(ə)l]

adj. 可获得的

▼ When you live in a dormitory, you can enjoy a wide range of campus services, which are not available tothose who live off campus. (2013.10 概括段落大意和补全句子)

   当你住在宿舍里,你可以享受各种各样的校园服务,而这些服务并不提供给那些住在校外的。


152. average ['æv(ə)rɪdʒ]

n. 平均

adj. 普通的

▼Most people are said to change between these states, an average of 6 to 12 times a day. (2011.4 阅读理解)

  大多数人都说这些状态之间变化,平均每天6 到12次。

▼Average Americans used to be shorter than Europeans. (2013.4 阅读理解)

  普通美国人比欧洲人个子矮。


153. background ['bækgraʊnd]

n. 背景

▼I did not have a common background with my friends because I grew up in Europe.(2013.10 阅读选择)

   我和我的朋友们没有共同的背景,因为我在欧洲长大。


154. beaten ['biːt(ə)n]

v. 打败(beat 的过去分词)

▼Almost four of every 100 wives are seriously beaten by their husbands. (2011.4 阅读理解)

   几乎每100 个妻子中就有4 个被丈夫严重殴打的。


155. bored [bɔːd]

adj. 无聊的

▼The first song will lift your mood a little. The second will make you a little bored. (2015.4 阅读判断)

   第一首歌会让你心情好一些。第二首歌会让你感到无聊。


156. ceremony ['serɪmənɪ]

n. 仪式

▼This money is to help pay for the wedding ceremony and for setting up house afterwards.(2013.4 阅读理解)

   这笔钱是为了帮助支付婚礼仪式和之后的布置房子。


157. certain [ˈsɜ:tn]

adj. 某个

▼Sometimes in poetry a certain phrase can bring tears to the eyes and move us deeply.(2013.10 完形补文)

   有时候诗里的某个措辞会让我们热泪盈眶,深深的感动我们。


158. colleague ['kɒliːg]

n. 同事

▼ shook hands with colleagues. (2015.4 阅读选择)

   和同事握手


159. comfortable [ˈkʌmftəbl]

adj. 舒适的

▼ When I am very tired , music can make me comfortable. (2015.4 阅读判断)

   当我很累的时候,音乐能让我感到舒适。


160. communicate [kə'mjuːnɪkeɪt]

vt. 传达

▼Good parents have the ability to communicate messages of love, trust, and self-worth with their children.(2011.4 词汇与语法结构)

    好父母有能力和孩子传递爱、信任和自我价值的信息。


161. degree [dɪ'griː]

n. 学位

▼After getting his medical degree, Robbie, the son of a taxi driver, became a doctor at Columbia Medical Center.(2014.10 阅读判断)

   罗比,一个出租车司机的儿子,获得医学学位后,成为了一个在哥伦比亚大学医学中心的医生。


162. develop [dɪ'veləp]

vt. 开发

▼American scientists are developing an “intelligent” mobile phone capable of blocking incoming calls depending on the owner’s mood. (2011.4 阅读理解)

   美国科学家正在开发一款智能手机,它能够根据主人的心情来阻断手机来电。


163. device [dɪ'vaɪs]

n. 装置

▼Today’s computers are pretty dumb compared with the device. (2011.4 阅读理解)

 与这个设备相比,今天的电脑显得相当傻帽。


164. disappointed [dɪsə'pɒɪntɪd]

adj. 沮丧的

▼ The boy was instantly disappointed and said he had only been given $20. (2014.4 阅读选择)

  这个男孩立瞬间很沮丧,说他只有20 美元。


165. due [djuː]

adj. 应有的

▼Many people use passwords without due caution. (2012.10 阅读理解)

   许多人使用密码没有应有的谨慎。

due to

adv. 应归于

▼ I suspect the difference in height between Americans and Europeans is due to both diet and health care. (2013.4 阅读理解)

   我猜测美国人和欧洲人在身高上的不同是饮食和卫生保健的原因。


166. effective [ɪ'fektɪv]

adj. 有效的

▼Doctors soon realized that this drug was also effective in relieving the symptoms of diabetes. (2013.4 词汇 正确形式)

   医生很快意识到,这种药也可以有效地缓解糖尿病的症状。


167. emotional [ɪˈməʊʃənl]

adj. 情绪的

▼A research team are developing body temperature and electrical skin monitors to help the device understand the emotional state of its user. (2011.4 阅读理解)

   一个研究小组正在开发体温和电子皮肤的监视器,以帮助这个设备了解其用户的情绪状态。


168. enable [ɪn'eɪb(ə)l; en-]

vt. 使能够

▼ These forms of communication enable them to share ideas about themselves and the world in almost real time. (2015.4 完形补文)

    这些形式的交流能让他们几乎随时和世界分享自己的想法。


169. encourage [ɪn'kʌrɪdʒ]

vt. 鼓励

▼If a father focuses on his daughter’s interests, she will feel encouraged. (2014.10 阅读选择)

    如果一个父亲关注女儿的兴趣,女儿就会感受到鼓励。


170. energy ['enədʒɪ]

n. 能量;精力

▼ Waste from chicken or pigs would be reused as a source of energy. (2013.10 阅读判断)

   鸡或猪的排泄物将被作为一种能量的来源而再次利用。

▼If we want to save our energy, try smiling instead of frowning. (2014.4 概括段落大意和补全句子)

   如果我们想节省精力,尝试微笑而不是皱眉。


171. engineer [endʒɪ'nɪə]

n. 工程师

▼ As she had more and more knowledge, she became the chief engineer. (2015.4 概括段落大意和补全句子)

   因为她的知识愈来愈丰富,她变成了首席工程师。


172. exercise ['eksəsaɪz]

n. 运动

vt. 锻炼

▼It can even help you to stay more focused in school because exercise helps you to think more clearly. (2014.4 阅读判断)

   它甚至能帮你在学校注意力更集中,因为运动能使你头脑更清醒。

▼ However, it can also help you exercise your brain.(2015.4 填句补文)

    但是,它也能帮你锻炼大脑。


173. fame [feɪm]

n. 名声

▼ He can kid about his fame, problems, image, etc. (2012.10 阅读理解)

 他可以拿自己的名声,问题和形象等来打趣。


174. favor ['feɪvə]

n. 善行

▼ Could I ask a favor of you?(2014.10 阅读判断)

可以请你帮个忙吗?

do one's favor

帮某人的忙

▼ How could they do this to us when we did them a favor? (2011.4 阅读理解)

   当我们帮他们时,他们怎可以对我们这样?


175. fiber ['faɪbə]

n. 纤维

▼ A muscle made of tiny fibers. (2014.4 概括段落大意和补全句子)

   肌肉是由微小的纤维组成。


176. financial [faɪ'nænʃ(ə)l]

adj. 财务的

▼solve financial problems of adult students. (2013.4 阅读理解)

   解决成年学生的经济问题


177. forward ['fɔːwəd]

adv. 向前地;向将来

▼The research team is now calling for members of the lucky group to come forward to allow their DNA to be studied. (2012.10 阅读理解)

   研究团队正在呼吁幸运小组的成员来允许研究他们的DNA。

look forward to doing sth /sth

盼望,期待

▼We all looked forward to this.(2013.10 阅读选择)

   我们都期待着这一点。


178. frequently ['friːkw(ə)ntlɪ]

adv. 频繁地

▼These attacks are happening so frequently these days that you might as well assume there is no way to keep a password secret. (2012.10 阅读理解)

   这些攻击最近发生的如此频繁,你不妨假设密码已经不再是秘密。


179. fresh [freʃ]

adj. 新鲜的;清醒的

▼Fresh fruits and vegetables are very expensive in cities. (2013.10 阅读判断)

    新鲜的水果蔬菜在城里非常贵。

▼He could not walk any longer. He could only see the building of the bridge from his window. But his mind was still fresh. (2015.4 概括段落大意和补全句子)

   他再也不能走路了。他只能通过窗户来看那个桥的建造。但是他的头脑依然很清醒。


180. gesture ['dʒestʃə]

n. 手势

▼The spokesman occasionally accompanies his speech with gestures.(2013.4 词汇与语法结构)

   这位发言人在演讲中偶尔伴随有手势动作。


181. glove [glʌv]

n. 手套

▼He was the first person to give me a baseball glove and to play baseball with me. (2013.10 填句补文)

   他是第一个给我一副棒球手套,和我一起打棒球的人。


182. gradually['grædʒʊlɪ;]

adv. 渐渐地

▼Robbie sent off his grades the next morning. And gradually this incident was forgotten. (2014.10 阅读判断)

   第二天早上罗比将自己的分数寄了过去。渐渐地这件事就被忘了。


183. habit ['hæbɪt]

n. 习惯

▼Talk to Your Kids about Their Eating Habits Carefully. (2014.10 阅读选择)

    要和孩子小心地谈论饮食习惯


184. hold [həʊld]

vt. 控制;持有

hold back 阻止

▼ He could not hold back his tears on hearing that he was not admitted to the university.  (2011.4 词汇与语法结构)

当他得知自己没考入大学时,他没能止住自己的眼泪。

hold down 保有

▼ They tend to be slim, able to hold down two jobs at the same time, and handle their extra-long days easily without needing coffee or catnaps (小睡). (2012.10 阅读理解)

   他们往往是苗条的,能够同时胜任两份工作,并且还很容易地度过特别长的白天,不需要咖啡或打瞌睡。


185. imagine [ɪ'mædʒɪn]

vt. 想像

▼ When you hear the word “farm”, you may imagine the countryside with cows and crops.(2013.10 阅读判断)

    当你听到“农场”这个词,你可能会想到乡下的奶牛和农作物。


186. improve [ɪm'pruːv]

vt. 改善

vi. 变得更好

▼Running also improves your body so that you don't get sick as easily. (2014.4 阅读判断)

   跑步也可以提高你的身体素质,这样你就不容易生病。

▼As your level of skill improves, go on to challenge your brain by moving into more advanced levels of the game. (2015.4 填句补文)

   随着你技术层次的提升,你可以通过继续更高层次的游戏来挑战你的智力。


187. including [ɪn'kluːdɪŋ]

prep. 包括

▼Thus, never give out personal information including your name, age, where you live, and the name of the school you attend.(2015.4 完形补文)

   因此,永远不要泄露个人信息,包括你的名字、年龄、住址和你所在学校的名字。


188. incoming ['ɪnkʌmɪŋ]

adj. 进来的

▼American scientists are developing an “intelligent” mobile phone capable of blocking incoming calls depending on the owner’s mood. (2011.4 阅读理解)

   美国科学家正在开发一款智能手机,它能够根据主人的心情来阻断手机来电。


189. indoor ['ɪndɔː]

adj. 室内的

▼The water from indoor fish ponds would be used to water crops. (2013.10 阅读判断)

   室内鱼塘里的水将被用来浇灌农作物。


190. labor ['leɪbə(r)]

n. 劳工

▼The decline of the labor market is easy to misinterpret. (2014.10 完形补文)

   劳动力市场的下降很容易遭到误解。


191. leading ['liːdɪŋ]

adj. 主要的

v. 领导(lead 的ing 形式)

▼Women played a leading role in choosing a partner. (2013.4 阅读理解)

   女性在选择伴侣中扮演主要角色。

lead [liːd]

vt. 引导

▼People on the totem pole are leading a comfortable life. (2013.4 阅读理解)

   图腾柱上的人指引美好的生活。


192. monitor ['mɒnɪtə]

n. 监视器

vt. 监控

▼A research team are developing body temperature and electrical skin monitors to help the device understand the emotional state of its user. (2011.4 阅读理解)

   一个研究小组正在开发体温和电子皮肤的监视器,以帮助这个设备了解其用户的情绪状态。

▼Technology the “Sensay” phone will monitor calls and send back polite messages saying the user maybe contacted later. (2011.4 阅读理解)

   高科技Sensay 手机将会监控来电,然后回复来电短讯,告知对方稍后联系机主。


193. normal ['nɔːm(ə)l]

adj. 正常的

▼ Experts have found that normal sleep can be divided into five distinct stages.(2013.4 词汇与语法结构)

    专家们发现正常的睡眠可分为五个不同的阶段。


194. painful ['peɪnfʊl]

adj. 痛苦的

▼These are uncomfortable feelings, often as painful as any kind of physical pain. (2014.4 填词补文)

   这些令人不适的感觉,通常和身体疼痛一样痛苦。


195. phrase [freɪz]

n. 措辞;短语

▼Sometimes in poetry a certain phrase can bring tears to the eyes and move us deeply. (2013.10 完形补文)

   有时候诗里的某个措辞能让我们热泪盈眶,深深地感动我们。

▼The phrase “an idiot”( Line 3, Para. 3) most probably means a fool.(2013.10 阅读判断)

   短语“一个笨蛋”(第三段第三行)意思很有可能指一个傻瓜。


196. particular [pəˈtɪkjələ(r)]

adj. 特别的

▼Some particular wines are made from apples, peaches, or other fruits.(2014.10 填句补文)

   有些特别的葡萄酒酿制于苹果、桃子和其他水果。


197. physical ['fɪzɪk(ə)l]

adj. 身体的

▼These are uncomfortable feelings, often as painful as any kind of physical pain. (2014.4 填词补文)

   这些令人不适的感觉,通常和身体疼痛一样痛苦。


198. positive ['pɒzɪtɪv]

adj. 积极的

▼People should listen to songs with positive words. (2015.4 阅读判断)

   人们应该听歌词含有积极意义的歌曲。


199. possible ['pɒsɪb(ə)l]

adj. 可能的

▼Seize every possible opportunity. (2015.4 阅读选择)

   抓住每一个可能的机会


200. power ['paʊə]

n. 力量

▼ The power of Language (2013.10 完形补文)

   语言的力量


201. prepare [prɪ'peə]

vi. 做好准备

▼Adults who have been out of school for a long time may not be academically prepared for college level work. (2013.4 阅读理解)

   成年人已经离开学校很长一段时间,在学业上可能还没有准备好大学水准的学习。


202. press [pres]

n. 印刷机

▼If you asked people what the most important invention has been, many would say the printing press. (2013.4 完型填空)

   如果你问人们最重要的发明是什么,许多人可能会说是印刷机。


203. produce [prə'djuːs]

vt. 生产

▼These special plants grow and produce seeds. (2014.10 填句补文)

   这些特殊的植物生长并长出种子。


204. project ['prɒdʒekt]

n. 项目

▼ Robbie joined in a summer research project.(2014.10 阅读判断)

   罗比参加了一个夏季研究项目。


205. provide [prə'vaɪd]

vt. 提供

▼Everyone knows that listening to music when feeling bad can provide a relief. (2015.4 阅读判断)

  每个人都知道,感觉糟糕时听音乐可以给你一种安慰。


206. rate [reɪt]

n. 率

▼The high rate of unemployment caused by these factors has tended to drive wages down further. (2014.10 完形补文)

  由这些因素引起的高失业率将工资拉的很低。


207. rather ['rɑːðə]

adv. 宁愿

▼Why we should smile rather than frown?(2014.4 概括段落大意和补全句子)

   为什么我们应该微笑而不是皱眉?


208. recover [rɪ'kʌvə]

vi. 恢复

▼Romantic songs help people recover from breakups faster. (2015.4 阅读判断)

  浪漫歌曲帮助人们从分手中更快恢复。


209. related [rɪ'leɪtɪd]

adj. 有关系的

▼If you have any school related problems, you have no difficulty finding someone to help. (2013.10 概括段落大意和补全句子)

   如果你有任何学校相关的问题,你会很容易找到人帮忙。


210. relief [rɪ'liːf]

n. 安慰

▼Everyone knows that listening to music when feeling bad can provide a relief. (2015.4 阅读判断)

   每个人都知道,感觉糟糕时听音乐可以给你一种安慰。


211. researcher [rɪ'sɜ:tʃə]

n. 研究员

▼ A team of researcher are entering a new field of studies: Do dreams actually influence our behaviors? (2014.4 完形补文)

    一组研究人员正进入一个新的研究领域:梦真的会影响我们的行为吗?


212. romantic [rə(ʊ)'mæntɪk]

adj. 浪漫的

▼Many people like romantic songs.(2015.4 阅读判断)

  很多人喜欢浪漫的歌曲。


213. seedless ['sidləs]

adj. 无子的

▼They can now grow seedless fruit.(2014.10 填句补文)

  他们可以长出无籽水果。


214. shape [ʃeɪp]

vt. 塑造

▼How we use language shapes our world.(2013.10 完形补文)

  我们如何使用语言塑造了我们的世界。


215. shyness ['ʃaɪnɪs]

n. 羞怯

▼You have to remind yourself to kick your shyness away and introduce yourself. (2015.4 阅读选择)

   你必须得提醒自己克服羞怯去介绍自己。


216. slave[sleɪv]

n. 奴隶

▼So the slaves were taller than European peasants. (2013.4 阅读理解)

   因此这些奴隶比欧洲的农民个子高。


217. sociologist [,səʊsɪ'ɒlədʒɪst]

n. 社会学家

▼These sociologists have no easy answer to violence in the American family. (2011.4 阅读理解)

   对于美国家庭暴力,这些社会学家没有一个简单的答案。


218. species ['spiːʃiːz]

n. 物种

▼ A species that is in danger of dying out is called an endangered(濒危的)species. (2013.10 填词补文)

   一个物种处于衰亡消灭的危险中就别称之为濒危物种。


219. state [steɪt]

n. 情形;州

▼ The researchers are interested in four basic different states. (2011.4 阅读理解)

  研究者对4 种基本的不同状态感兴趣。

United States  美国


220. subject ['sʌbdʒekt]

n. 主题

▼Weight is never an easy subject.(2014.10 阅读选择)

   体重从来不是一个轻松的话题。


221. technology [tek'nɒlədʒɪ]

n. 技术

▼ In addition, technology itself has helped to cause the shifts in the job market. (2014.10 完形补文)

    此外,技术本身导致了就业市场的变化。


222. therefore ['ðeəfɔː]

adv. 因此

▼Many books could now be made. Therefore, many people could read the same book. (2013.4 完型填空)

   现在很多书都可以被印刷出来,因此,许多人能够读到相同的书。


223. thus [ðʌs]

conj. 因此

▼Thus, it can be an easy way to learn languages and world cultures.(2015.4 完形补文)

   因此,它会是用来学习语言和世界文化的一个很简单的方法。


224. tough [tʌf]

adj. 强硬的

▼Americans get tougher with violent behaviors. (2011.4 阅读理解)

美国人对待暴力行为变得更加严厉。


225. urban ['ɜːb(ə)n]

adj. 城市的

▼The incidence of violence is highest among urban families. (2011.4 阅读理解)

   城市家庭暴力的发生率最高。


226. various ['veərɪəs]

adj. 各种各样的

▼And you can enjoy the various services there.(2013.10 概括段落大意和补全句子)

  并且你可以在那享受到各种各样的服务。


227. whenever [wen'evə]

conj. 每当

▼His mother becomes disappointed whenever he fails to live up to her expectation. (2011.4 词汇正确形式)

  每当他辜负了他母亲的期望时,他母亲就会变得失望。


228. wonderful ['wʌndəfʊl]

adj. 极好的

▼Our traditional custom of arranged marriage has given me a wonderful wife. (2013.4 阅读理解)

   我们的传统包办婚姻的习俗给了我一个很棒的妻子。


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